Protecting WordPress based websites using Citrix NetScaler WAF


WordPress is one of the most popular web publishing software, both in the private and commercial sectors. While the private sector will hardly use a Citrix NetScaler ADC, not to mention, Citrix Firewall, it is rather common in the commercial world. This page will focus on a simple, robust deployment. It requires advanced (enterprise) or premium (platinum) editions of Citrix NetScaler ADC. It’s...

A proper DOS- Protection for Citrix Gateway


One of the main concerns that my large customers have is that the Citrix Gateway could fall victim to a DOS or DDOS attack. Linked to this, of course, is the concern that – after a successful attack – it might be possible to bypass authentication or compromise the gateway or the appliance. We have to distinguish between attacks that happen before and those that happen after...

RADIUS on Citrix ADC / NetScaler


© image: Wikipedia Two and a half years ago, I have written an article about LDAP. I always planned to add an article about RADIUS as well, but I never did. Today, I had to troubleshoot a RADIUS problem, so I did the necessary traces. It is a DUO server, but most other servers behave similarly. Here we go! What is RADIUS RADIUS (Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service) is a protocol to...

Flexible Multi-Factor flows in Citrix ADC (NetScaler) using Azure MFA


I came across following issue, doing a Citrix ADC / NetScaler project: My customer wanted to use Azure MFA for internal users and LDAP/RADIUS for external users like contractors and parters. That’s a typical use-case for n-factor authentication. So how do we solve problems like that? The solution A Solution based on group membership The difference between internal and external users is...

Citrix ADC / NetScaler: two factors from outside, single factor inside


last update: September 25th 2019 I was recently asked: Johannes, is it possible to orun the same AAA server, from the inside with single factor, from the outside with two factor authentication? Of course it is. That’s how you do: Prerequisites My test environment contains of a lb vServer (lb_vsrv_colors). I created a AAA vServer aaa_multifactor_ath. There is a content switching vServer...

Citrix ADC (NetScaler) AAA-traffic explained


Authentication in Citrix ADC (NetScaler) is done from BSD, not from Citrix ADC (NetScaler). Because of this, traffic usually originates from NSIP. This is sometimes of surprise to network (and firewall) admins. It usually comes means: It may very well be a little bit different. Normal behaviour Usually NetScaler sends an authentication request to BSD. The AAA daemon in BSD will then connect to...

Debugging Authentication problems in Citrix ADC / NetScaler using the aaad.debug file


last update: October 2nd 2018 This is the second part of debugging logon. The first one, a network trace about LDAP, may be found here. Citrix ADC / NetScaler logs all events related to AAA (authentication, authorization, auditing) to /tmp/aaad.debug You need to be nsroot or superuser to successfully log on to the BSD shell. This is a requirement to change to BSD shell. Change to the /tmp...

LDAP and Citrix ADC / NetScaler


last update: November 3rd 2020 This is the first part of debugging logon problems. The second one, an explanation of aaad.debug log, may be found here. Recently I had to debug LDAP authentication on Citrix ADC / NetScaler and I started digging deeper. I wanted to know how LDAP authentication really works, so I did what I always do in a case like that: I started with a network trace. Attention: in...

Using Citrix NetScaler ADC as a SAML IDP and SAML SP


last update: 2023/02/03 Tested with NetScaler 11, Citrix ADC 12.1 and 13.0 I needed to use a Citrix ADC (NetScaler) both, as a SAML identity provider (IDP) and service provider (SP). So I set up my test environment accordingly. What my test environment looked like: You see, I created two admin partitions on my Citrix NetScaler ADC, one for the service provider (SP partition), containing both, the...

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